cottages

 

Transcript of the work of Joseph Holt 1803 - written about 1868

No 1 This is the history of tittensor from the year 1428 or before that time

this is the first statement that ever i wrote belonging the old village of tittensor and praps will be the last. this i intend you to keep i dont thinck i ever shall write one for myself if i do it will be like this or the same meaning ,i have hard different statements about but i have took pains to find out the true statement about things , i think i cannot do better then to commence with the old manor house not Mr kendricks at the hill top i thinck i should do nothing wrong by giveing a short acount as i pafs , on from one end of the village to the other , that is some quear saying belonging different people in the village i thinck the moste interesting part will be about the old sayins and different ways people had in this our village , in the first place remember this point above all other things , the old inhabatents of tittensor was well known to be the most wickedest people i believe on the face of the earth especely drunkennes and sabbath braking and other bad Conduct and so on , untill is grase the late duke of Sutherland built us a Chappel at the cost of three hundred pounds and since then it is reformed but there is agrait maney that will not attend but if i had to deal with them thay should attend or flit out of the village , we have now got a good Clargyman , so now i must make a start about the old manor house , this old house was built by Lord Gilbert Garard , about the year 1428 there was three generations of Garards , that is first the farther next the son and next the grandson , but the grandson , but the last was of a short duration he spent is substanCe with high liveing and the like , he lost is mansion with gambling that is with a --rub race this may seem strange but it was so for in those days it was very common way of gambling but i am well informed on that point , he did as the prodigal son that we read of in the bible for he went of in a far land , to a place which we reed of Caled Joppar so there is a end of that youth and nearly a end of is old house , that he left behind him for i see there is more or les falling down every week , i see one or another keep pulling it down there is three or four large stones Just been pulled out on purpose to let fall more than twenty tons but it is safe yet if a mason was to go to the old house and repair these gaps up in the old walls , a few day work would make the old building safe praps for a number of years and again it wants fencing on the field side to keep the Cows of for it is dangerous for Cattle , and there wants a bord put up to warn people of all may be done with a little expence this i would do , if it was my old house i would do this next week , and i would perseCute the first that i Caught ,and that would be before to morrow night the garards lived at the mannor house about 100 years , and after that it became a Common farm house the family of orms then Came to the old house there was several francis orms , there was one born in , 1644 ,and the day he
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finished is sChooling he put this date on a stone about ten feet from the ground roughly but as with a nail the date was this F x O 1660 the F stands for frances the letter O stands for orm this date hath been took for the date of the house by some but it is not so , the wall where this date was fell down thirty five years since . the north front front of this old fell feell down about 1840 there was the enteranCe hall and two large bow winders all carved stone work and two other Common and three other Common winders and one Common door the ehteranCe to the servants hall all these to fronted north , one of these bow winders belonged the little hall , the other bow winder belonged the upper room over the little hall ,one of these Common winders belonged the big hall , the other Common winder belonged the room over the big hall , the old oak Carved work that is in the Chappel Came out of the big hall , and the room over the big hall these two rooms where both Carved oak work, but this old Carved oak work did not Compleat the the Chappes you may see there two or three differents patterns of Carvins in the Chappls now to be seen ,all thes winders and these two doors fronted north or a little north west , but the south front is a butiful front it now ramains standing nearly all Covered with ivey , there is no enteranCe or door place , the est end is a gable end the bottom winder belongs the big hall the winder above the big hall is the Chamber winder , the third winder belongs the third story , the west end is a gable end with three winders the same the est end , there is three sellers one caled the bear seller next the ale seller next the wine sellor , the stone that this house was built with , Came from the top of beech cliff , over against Dr. Broomhall now belongs is grace the duke of sutherland , these old stone pits are to be seen to this day , thay look far older then the old house , the stone was got in large blocks and roled down a verry steep hill and loded up at the bottom of the hill Mrfs i dare say you will thinCk i have a deal to say about this old house but if i must say all that i now i have not done yet , i thinck the best is to Come , the last francis orm died about the year 1820 he was a very old man he left is son John orm , on the farm for a few years, this John orm left the old house about thirty eight years since the Garrards lived at mannor house one hundred years , and the family of orms after that three hundred and two or three years altogether is 440 years Just take 440 from 1868 i thinck there remains 1428 well then this is the date of this the old house 1428 this francis orm had three sons and 3 daughters this john orm died about three years since at is own house he was about seventy seven he lived at a place Caled the Withey stakes near Wetley habby and near Wettley rocks the other sons name was mikel , and the third son is name was Jossiah he is what we Call half witted or hardley that some say he was the wiseist mom in tittensor for he never would work without he set imself on and that was but sildom he fanCied there was money hid about the mannor house he CommenCed digging or trenching the gardin belonging the old house which is a large size he dug all down one side and half way up the
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other side when he Came in Contact with a stone step as if leading down in a sellor he dug on and Came to a second and so on he found five or six one below the other but the night Came on so he left of the next morning the earth was all sliped in among the earth he found a guine and a Cannon ball so he never serched no further the late John orm told me all this he believed there was somthing to be found at the bottom of those old steps , again this half witted youth took it in is head that there was money hid or put in a large Cornor stone at the west end of the old house , that is the first big stone above ground so he spoyed is Chance when is farther was from home he took out the Cornor stone and built up the plase with briCks and morter , now this is the old proverb which is that is Cannot speak Cannot lie well the spot and bricks are there to this day i saw the same early in June John orm told me that is brother took out some copper coin of a verry large size and that is sister stole it of him this sister is mother to thomas devvel wife now liveing in tittensor , it is believed that thay have got it now , this Jossiah orm attended trentham church but often did not return for several hours after ChurCh time and when is parents inquired the Cause thay found him out the sevents at trentham hall got him in the servents hall thay used to make game of him beCause he was half witted thay soon made him believe that one of the young ladys had fell in love with him , and that she said that he was the best looking young man in all trentham parish and that is equil was not to be found in the in ingland ,and that if ever she was wed it should be to him or nobody for he was a purfect beauty , so he believed all this , the sarvents told him that thay was to be sure to tell him all this , and what he had got to say in answer they was to tell this young lady , he said that he was verry glad , and verry much pleased to hear that she was fell in love with him , and he was quite sure that there was no love lost , for he had been in love with her a good bit , he did not say a long time , no but a good bit , and that he had rather have her to neet then to morrow the servents said , my good man thay dont marry people at a neet as you Call it , no you should say to night , but if you talk in that way the young lady will find you out , pleas to have in mind that this young lady never new nothing about this no not a word from that day to this it was a Joke Carried on between the sarvents and this silley fellow this young lady was lady elizabeth it was about the year 1814 or 1815 , she did not now that there was such a man as Jofsiah orm , so thay gave him a horn or two more beer and started him a Cros the park for tittensor but when he got to the spring valley he got lost and turned down to the lake and got dround he was found earley the nexkt morning , so this ends the Courting tale about this good looking fellow from tittensor , now i will Just say a little about old francis orm the farther of Jofsiah orm this frances died about the year 1820 a verry old man he was Cald frank orm the weather wise man , and is Cald so to this day , because there was no one to be found in is day and generation that Could
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foretell what kind of of weather it would be like he Could , not so true as he Could your rushy meadow was his , and the broad meadow above tittensor bridge both fields where by the trent side subgeCt to be flooded same as now , the year before is deth he went to trentham to mr lewis and told him that on suCh a day it would Commence raining and there would be a larger flood then was known before , it was the beginning of harvest , he told lewis he had Just set all the mowers on that he could get to mow by the river side , he had about sixteen aCers to mow , he told lewis to set all the mowers on that could get , for on suCh a day the flood would Come , but lewis thought old orm was gone of is head , and he did not obey is order , but old orm got is sixteen aCers down , and most of it well made into hay and Carried , and that whiCh was part made , and some Just mowed , thay Carried it all out of the trent meadow up in higher land , but the day Came on that the flood was to be,there was no signs of rain mr lewis sent to see what the old man was about in the way of making game of the old man, but franCis orm told the man that Came from trentham , to look sharp baCk or else he would be wet before he got there , and wile thay were talking it CommenCed thundering and before the man got to trentham he was wet trowgh , they loaded the two last loades of grafs in the rain , it rained about twenty four hours , and there was larger flood then ever was nown before , or since that time , thay had a mark on a stone at trentham short bridge , the water was higher then ever was known before or sinCe , there was but a little hay Carried at trentham , but the flood took all of rfeat , it swept all of before it for miles , not onely by the trent sid , but all other rivers , and that which not mowed , the flood spoiled with sand and mud , old orm said he hoped thay where quite satisfied at trentham whiCh was the bigest fool , him or the wise man from the north at trentham, so from the day Jofsiah orm was born is farther , that is franCis orm , he profiesied that his son wald be drowned , and the same night that Jofsiah got in the lake before thay went to look for im he told where thay would find im to a yard , Close by a Certain alder tree ,whiCh is there to this day Mifs i dare say you will thinCk that i have got averry long tale about those orms family , so i have but ibelieve it is some where about all true , but i make it all as short has i Can, by leaving , some little matters out , i now CommenCe with the old building that fell down with old age , in tittensor whiCh i now the verry spot where every old building onCe stood altho some buildings fell down long before i was born, the first old building that fell down was a stone building , it stood seventy yards west from the mannor house inClosed with a fenCe , it was Carved stone work , it was a pigeon house but always Caled the dog house or the dove house , it fell down with old age about 140 years sinCe , or there about , i am not Certain to a few years , but that dont signify muCh , the ground where it stood is Called the dog house yard to this day , the seCond old building whiCh was stone stood sixty feet west from the manor house , it
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was first built for a plaCe to inten or berrying spot for the Garards family , about 36 feet in length ,the west wall built against a hill side about 12 feet high , baCked up with earth to the top that is 12 feet or more , i wish to give you a good understanding about this building more so then other buildings , there was six arChes ,the same as you see on this plan eaCh arChed vault will hold one Coffin the largest size , there was a front wall Just the same plan as a Common building , a barn or a Cow house , when you was in the inside of the building these six arChes were west and the front of the building towards the est , this old building fell down 115 years or 120 sinCe , leaving these old arChes standing , it was built up again on the old foundations , and used for a stable for six horses , that is 36 feet in length , but in the year 1831 it was all pulled down togather i can find two men in tittensor older then me that have noticed those old vaults but never new the true meaning about the vaults i have seen thos vaults a many times , it hath been said that the first and second lords Garards where etterd in the first and second vaults , and when the third lord lost is estate with gambling , and went to Joppar those two lords where removed , to a village the name of ashley about ten miles west from tittensor , it is quite likeley thay would be removed when this mansion beCame a farm house , pleas to look at the history of Staffordshire you will find there is i think six lords Garards enterd there , that is a village as i said before well ithink i have none with the mannor house , onely this i am sorry to see that people are noCking it down for misChief , i have got a many of the Carved stones , at our Cottage , when a stone fell of i fatChed it away , but there is two other Carved stones in the old saw pit at the weelright shop up tittensor , those two carved stones , are now in a wall in the saw pit in whiCh i should like to have and go to the other old stones likewise there is an old doore all over large head nails at the saw pit whiCh i should like to have , but i think i must be getting on or else my months work will be six weeks or more , so now i finish with the old house i think i Cannot do better then to say something about the springs in tittensor in the first plaCe , there is the valley from Mr Devals leading to groundslow fields , there is many springs that have turned a mill weel , for Corn and then a flint mill the next spring is by the river side near tittensor bridge , it is now Caled pedleys spring but that is not the right name , it is unetts spring ever sinCe the CommenCment of the fifteenth Centuary the man that built that large half timbered house , on the hill side near tittensor bridge whiCh you have aCount of , that sold good beer the sign of the swan , is name was unitt and the spring is Called after him that spring runs 72 gallons in one minute this formerley run open aCrofs the turnpike road sprong out of the roCk on the west hill side , the next is up the valley from the turnpike road , leading to the waggersley by our cottage , the right name is the spring lane , there is several good springs up this lane that runs out of our gardin runs 12 gallons a minute all the springs up this valley
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40 years sinCe ran open aCross the turnpike road , the next is the blaCk bank well , this spring is on the top of a hill ,Just above our Cottage , the softist water that ever was found and the best for makeing tea and washing , it hath been said that formerly when there was a party at swinnerton hall thay have fatChed water from this spring , but no one Can reColeCt that, it is now inClosed in a field belonging groundslow , 40 years sinCe it lay open to the moore , it was never dry when all other springs or rather pitts whee near near dried up this was still the same , the sheep and Cows all over the moore all made for this sprins or pit this spring onely runs two gallons in ten minuts that is three half pints in a minute , or 12 gallons in a hour , the next spring is the iron dish well ,which Crofseth the river trent in a trough to the rushy meadow it took that name more then 450 years sinCe , that is before tittensor Cottages were built i mean the old Cottages that where pulled down and others fell down with old age , long before it was a turnpike road when it was a road for travilers and mules and paCk horses , there was a post a Chain and a iron dish for travelers to drink , the same has you have got in the poem there was a other iron dish with a Chain put there by thomas bakewell ,and sinCe then there was a third put there by is grace the Duke of Sutherland but all were stole away , this spring runs 168 gallons in a minute it will fill a 14 gallons tub in five seConds , these springs have all been gaged a few weeks baCk , this spring run open acrofs the turnpike road 40 years since , the next spring is vale , but that is not the right name i think the first name should be the right name well that is the foir springs , sixty years sinCe it was Called boxers parlor a female of ill fame with others inhabited this valley , her right name was ruth morris , but in 1808 the asylum was built by thomas bakewell , a little above the lodge he put up a bord with these letters on spring vale asylum by thomas bakewell from that it took the name spring vale , there is a many small springs up this valley , the top spring is at the bottom of what Caled the saCsons gullet on the south side , the hill side leading up to the hill top where those laurals are planted is Cald the big borrow , this top spring is set round with rough posts with roses and honeysuCles , a few years since the valley Close by that spring was drained ,whiCh nearly destroyed the spring , but with in a few years it still keeps running more and more this spring is at the bottom of what is Cald the ferst level flat with old uneats worCk on the north side under the lower side of the waggersleys old edge leading down the valley this old uneat was one of the first paCients at the asylum and that was is walk , he was able or Capable to walk out himself he was there more than twenty years there was the nightinggale bush and the big authorn tree Just oppasate the top spring and at the lower Corner of the first level flatt this nightinggale bush was a withey a tree , a mountain ash , but it is dead it hath been said that the nightangale hath been hard sing in this tree , but on and about the first level flat is a noted plaCe for the CuCCo to sing , i mean where
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your forsaken house now stands , the springs formerley run open aCrofs the turnpike , in the flaxlands meadoe , Just through the iron gate leading in the meadow on the right hand side you pafs over a small hill along the gravel path , that small hill was not inClosed with the flaxlands meadow it was by itself , and onCe on a time it was sown with flax , whiCh took the name the name flaxlands you have in the poem in the flaxlands below when i begin for to thinCk where the CoaCh was upset in the trent it did sink the meaning is this , forty years sinCe from the trough that Croseth the river to the new wood bridge the old river was by the turnpike side Just where the quiCk fenCe is now the river that is now from the trough to the wood bridge is new and the old river where the edge is now is filled up there was a low bank of earth between the old river and and in some plaCes there was no bank at hall , and when there was a flood the water Came aCros the road the road was then narrow on aCount of the old river which inCroChed the road the mail CoaCh was upset in the river there was then a flood , the mail is onely alowed to Carry fore pafsangers all fore horses where drowned , there was a old nobleman and is lady and there maid inside pasingers and a sailor outside but the inside pasengers where all three drownd althow the sailor did all that hee Could but of no use , the sailor made this ramark he told how long he had been on the oCian and in what parts , and he began to think he should be drownd in a Cart rout at last this is about ninety years sinCe , the next is a short aCount about the hill top , this is the third generation of the kendriCks , this present mr kendriCh , is a batChelor and I thinCk likely frto be , it is said that he is the best horse man that ever did follow the fox hounds he is the leading hors man in every Chase it is well nown that he hath been hard shout tally ho for more than three miles , people in tittensor say that he would make a good bird tenter of a Corn field he hath bread some of the best hunters and broke them in imself that ever run , either for a laudey or nobleman he will go through where no one else will try to go he will stiCk at nothing this year he went through the trent when all others did shun it , is hat fell of in the trent is hat went down the river half a mile from the flint mills near down to mad orms bridge but he followed the hounds of for newstead with out is hat , people said thay thinCk if he had lost is head he would have had is hunt out

So tallio there he goeth through thick through thin
through the trent over moors through wind storm and rain
there is nothing Con stop him hes will bang through the mud
through woods over moors he will bang through a flood

before kendriCks time there was three generations in the name of rutters , those that lived before rutters i Cannot larn , but as it hath been said , there was a young youth , a servant , is master and him often fell out and onCe on a
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time is master tied him with a Cord to a beam in the building , is marster was Caled of for a wile but when is marster returned , the youth was got entangled with the Cord and was hanged , the marster burryed this youth on a hill that is often Caled hangmans hill , but before this youth was berryed there that hill was Called saCsons low , it is often Caled so now but oftener Called hangmans hill , as you have in the poem where a youth was intered . i think i need to say but little about kendricks well beause you have got it in the poem but i Can say this when thay found that there was a well there , they made it a draw well with two buCkets and a Chain, when one buCket was let down , the other Came up at the same time , there was a large iron weel and a small weel with Cogs that fitted eaCh other it took two men to wind a buCket full up, the noise of the two weels and Chain i have hard it from the top of tittensor , but near thirty years since it was made a pump by Caswell , with two lifts , the water was pumped half way up first in a tub and then the second lift up to the top , but it did not answer long , so now the old well is of no use , i am sure that there is no farm house no nor no other house so bad of for water as the hill top , the next thing is the old hollow above where harvey fell dead there was a old man a Joiner from swinnerton , was walking up that hollow Just through the wite gate leading to waggersleys , on the right hand side Justthrough the wite gate this old man fell down dead , he was laid in the waggersley barn in a plaCe Caled the Corn hole ,waiting the inquest so this is the meaning of the hollow above where harvey fell dead the same as you have in the poem , so now i will CommenCe with the two first Cottages in tittensor , and so pasf from one old Copttage to the other , through the village , i expeCt you will here something or another before i have done , well there was two verry old Cottages that stood Just on the same spot where ralph leese and holton Cottage now stands i Call those two old Cottages No 1 and No 2 in the front of those Cottages there stood two verry old yew trees , thay where about twelve feet apart , with branChes half way aCrofs the turnpike now between these old trees was fore or five strong rough brown roCk steps , if you walked up the middle you might get up to the top pritty well , but if you went up either end the other end rose up , and praps half a buCket full of sludge and sope suds would fly from under the steps , i should like verry muCh to tell all i now about everry Curoius thing that i now , for i thinCk it is a thousand pitties any thing should be left out , but i thinCk mifs you will think that i am going two far well then i imagin i here you say go on but i need say but little about the date of these two Cottages , for the two old yew trees tell the date yew trees are of a slow growth , there is now standing a number of verry large yew trees at hanChurch the late Revd thomas but said these old yew trees Can be traced for more then one thousand and three hundred years , but by appearanCe of these two yew trees thay are not far short of five hundred years old , the name of one family was Cartwright ,the other family was
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Cartlidge , but Commonly Cald nowtCher this Cartlidge or nowtCher was farther to that man at the green birch that bought is Coffin before he died , and likewise grandfather to that slater the keeper of the new park belonging is graCe , this old Cartlidge was a sawyer by trade , he went from farm to farm house manding Carts makeing gates and suCh like work , this nowtCher made a wiCket or rather gate , which he hung between those two old trees in the front of is Cottage , some fellow a nother got a bit of Chork and rote on the gate bars

this gate it hings to no mans mind
it hings and swings with a Crist Crost wind
if any boddy wants to now who mid this Job
it was old sam nowtCher a thick headed dog

this Cartlidge Came home at night and saw it on the gate he fatched out a dish Cloth and rubbed it of , but the next day it was wrote on again , nowCher Came home as before , with is eyes fixed on the gate a hundred yards before he rought the gate , it is said that he was has rude as a tinCker he then fatched out the mop and rubbed it of , but it was on and of, every day for a fortnight i will now give a short aCount about this Cartlidge furniture
he hadf a Common ladder the same as there is about farm buildings this ladder was is stair Case there was a hole in the Chamber floor ,when they went to bed thay often pulled the stare Case up after them so if any one got in the house , thay Could not get up stairs , he had a three leged round table or stool it was there breakfast and dineing table and there wash bloCk, thay had three old Chairs of differant ages , differant patterns , No. 1 Chair with four legs No.2 with three legs and a half , No.3 with three legs , altogather ten and a half leg , instead of twelve legs

while broken tea Cups wiseley kept for show
hung oer the Chimney glistened in a row

this Cartlidge had two sons as i said before one lived at the green birch , the other lived in tittensor he that lived in tittensor he Once took is wife to sell her to newcastle he look her tied round the waste with Cord there is a Crofs in the markit plaCe that went up with round stone steps he put her on one of those steps so that she might be above the markit people there was soon all the inhabatents in Castle gathered round no one gave a bid for some time and if thay did no Christion sole Could here , there was suCh a noise , this woman said to her husband , William slaCken the rope that i may get a step higher , people Cannot see mee propperley , for no one seems give a bid, Just now som man did aft her the bid was a old nife and a tobolla bok people say it was John robinson but if it was him he would not own to it , but at last some one
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else bought her , but thay would have all her Clothes so thay Come to tittensor and her Clothes where brought to the old red lion inn , and the man run in and would not have her , so this ends the two first Cottages , oneley i have a little to about old Cartlidge the sawyer , this Cartlidge said he would give all is saws to that man that married is daughter Jane , there was a man in tittensor is name was James slater he married this Jane Cartlidge , so Cartlidge gave slater all is saws fore is wifes furtune these are the names of the saws , as old Cartlidge Called them, there is No.1 the up and down saw No 2 the Crofs cut saw , No.3 the wip Jack saw No. 4 the frame saw No.5 the big hand saw , No.6 the little hand saw , No.7 the loCk saw , No. 8 the bone or butChers saw , this slater often hard talk of is wifes saw , this slater was a native of tittensor he died about 1858 he was farther to William Slater new park keeper , and old cartlidge died about 1811 I remember im well , the next is the two old Cottages that onCe stood in our gardin that is the third and fourth Cottages that was long before my time ,which you have got , the fifth Cottage stood up the dale on the same spot where John robinsons Cow house now sands Just above our Cottage , it was built by my wife ancesters richard harvey a mason , it was a low thatched Cottage the most part built with rock stone , with a steep hill est and a steep hill west indeed there was a hill near all round it , the sun never shone on this house onely about one hour in the middle of the day , and then it did shine about two or three yards down the Chimney Just as the sun past over the house top i believe the wind never blew on this Cottage without it blew street down the same as the sun when it shon, my wifes farther and mother lived there the most of ther lives , i often tell my wife that when the sun shon down the Chimney ,it was verry useful for her mother to take the pot lid of to see if the potaters where boiled or not this Cottage stood about 120 years it fell down thirty years since , the sixt and seventh Cottages , and other small buildings stood on the top of the dale these two old Cottages where built with rough rock stone there was but few briCks and that was in Chimneys , thay where both thatChed the thatCh raught five feet of the ground at one Cottage thay kept a grait maney fwols , there was a small hole through the baCk doore which led in a plaCe which thay Called the hen ruste or stare hole , people that went in that house ,onely five minuts thay had has maney fles on them has there is days in a year and if thay stayed in the house a houre ,thay had has mainey on them has there is hours in a year , when those Cottages where pulled down , and burned up the thatCh and rubbiCh , the men said thay had slain more then ever was slain at the battle of waterloo or ten waterlows both of those two Cottages where built by the harveys it is said thay have been inhabited by that name to this day as i say in the poem that is , our pilgramage past on from farther to son and so on these two Cottages are shaded round with large forest trees to brake of the rough winds but there is now but four or five standing these old trees tell the
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date of those old Cottages thay both were pulled down about thirty years
sinCe the eight Cottage stood Just opposate tittensor bridge i call it a Cottage but it was more like a pig sty it fronted up the village , it was built with rough stone and thatChed , i could easely reaCh the thatCh from the ground , there was one window in front ,and one in the baCk , and one at the end for the Chamber it is said that the inside walls was made with Clay and windings that is to say , some upright poles with small round stiCks nailed aCrofs from pole to pole ,with timpered Clay mixed with short hay to keep the Clay togather and spred on those small stiCks like morter and then wite washed , that is what we call Clay and windings , there was a platting of straw nailed round the doore to keep out the north wind , this straw is like that whiCh is put round a Corn riCk when thatChed the winders where part boarded up here and there a bundle of old rags stuCk in a hole ,not a whole square of glas in all three winders Here and there a bit of paper paidted on with barm as the old saying is the winders are glazed with rags and paste , about a barrow full of briCks lodged on the roof some others part falling of the Chimney , if there Came a rough wind thay had to mind , and to keep there eyes open or else thay would have a briCk on there heads falling from the Chimney top , there was three other buildings in the front one with four posts set in the ground with old rails nailed from post to post the roofe topped up with fern and thatChed with rushes , one for a Cow a nother to put stiCks in and pig tubs and the like the third for a pig or two , this or these old buildings fell down Just to save them selves trouble of falling , this old man said he had got is wife under good Command for he Could make her do what her had a mind the first bidding , and again he said , that when he married is wife she had not got a rag to her baCk , but before he had married her twelve months she was all raggs the old woman said that she washed her hands and face once a week and she had some thing to do to keep them aney ways Clean at that , the next is the ninth Cottage or swan inn in which you have got a short aCount of , believed to be built by a man the name of unitt my anCestor i can not here but four different names that ever lived at this inn , that is the first name is unitt the next is suker the third is George harvey the man that sells good beer , the fourth william Holt my grandfarther the next Joseph Holt my farther this old house stood sixty feet beyond tittensor bridge on the west hill side , it was the size of two Cottages it was half timbered in front and baCk eaCh end was plain briCk work it apeared that eaCh end was built long after the front and baCk ,there was five winders in in front two at the north end one at the baCk there was a wall of rock stone at the baCk about five feet high , and five feet from the house to keep the baCk hill which is steep same as now , the house plaCe was about 18 feet square , a small parlow to the right hand and a large parlow to the left hand one baCk kitchen two Cellors one longpantry three upper rooms in the house plaCe there was on eaCh side the fire
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plaCe awall on each side six feet in length with a strong beam of oak from one wall to the other wall , the Chimney was built on this beam so that so that ten or twelve might sit under the Centre of the Chimney ,theCellor steps where brown rock stone , thay were nearley wore through in the front you could not walk up the midle of the steps , in the long pantry six Cupple of danChers might danCe in this pantry at the wakes by shifting the things out and setting the fidler on the top shilf with is legs hanging down among the danCers , for there was no village like tittensor for danCeing this house was thatChed there was a path way in a slant direCtion up the hill side whiCh was set near the bridge slanting up the hill side up to this inn , there was a syCamore tree at the north end of this house the sign hung up in this tree I Can just remember a bit of the old stump standing there was several rough steps at the front doore there was a Cow house and stable and other small buildings all timber it was pulled down 1831 the next is the ninth Cottage
long before my time it stood on the top of the hill above the present publiCk house it fell down ninety years since the last three families that lived there was stanfields the spot of land is Called stanfields gardin to this day
the elieventh Cottage stood in the sutherlands arms inn garden it was a small Cottage it was half timbered and thatChed i believe there was but one Chamber and a small pantry it was pulled down in 1834 it seemed to have stood about three hundred years or more , a little higher up the hill by the drive side leading to groundslow there was a small Cottage with four winders in front it was briCks and tiled it was built in 1777 by a man the name of baddarley a sChool master and pulled down in the year 1834 this badderlay first built is house by the trent side near to tittensor bridge , on the west side not far from the river side , and when there was a flood the water came in the house thay then lived in the upper room , the last flood he was up in the Chamber three days and nights on aCount of the flood but when the flood was abated he pulled the house down and this sChoolmaster badderley and the sCollors Carried the briCks three or four at a time at onCe to the top of this hill which was built in 1777 , when badderley was asked how it was that he built is house on that hill he made reply that he would not be flooded no more exCept there came a second noahs flood ,and then he should be on the ridge side of the edge , so this ends the tale about badderley and is flooded house, but in those days a man might build a house where he liked on the waste land by getting permission from the lord of the mannor and finding is materials, and paying a little rent of he Could let is house fall down if he liked so that was the cause of some cottages being better then others some men where more industerus then others same as now now then for the old flint and corn mill , the mill house and three other Cottages all in a row , i have no need to tell where this mill stood because the water fall , the mill pond , the mill raCe is there to this day , the mill was built with blue briCks and the mill
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house likewise , and tiled , the mill and the mill house was built up together there was a porch or interanCe at the front doore plate it stood with fore posts and a thatChed roof , with a wood seat on each side , the house had four winders in front the last family that lived there was bagnold , there was a stable and Cow house near the house there was three verry old cottages all Joined together in a line of the mill by the old turnpike road side , but these three old Cottages where the shabbyist forlorn raggitist worn out hutts i should think in the whole world , people talk about Cottages in ireland beeing bad , but if ireland is wors then thse three in tittensor i think thay are not fit for pig to ruste in or a owl, i will try to give you a short aCount of them i mean the shape of them in the first plaCe the three familys that lived there where about has handsom has the Cottages where i think moste of these folks had not been washed six weeks or two months has for stokins and shoes they most of them had none espeCely the Children has for stays and bonnits i dont think sume of them ever had aney thing of the kind onely when they where married , two of these Cottages the men were much given to drinCk if aney body stole there best and worst clothes thay must take them likewise for thay allways had got there Clothes on i have heard it said that when CrutChley had is shirt washed he lay in bed with nothing on and that was onCe in a month , i now will try to give as CorreCt has i Can the likeness of these three old hutts moste of the winder plaCes where like the other hut at the bridge end thay might be all brothers togather or twins , i dont thinCk there was sCarce half a pain of glafs in no one winder espeleley in two of the Cottages there was has many raggs stuCk in these winders , that would load a stout ragmon and is JaCk hofs on the roof there was here and tere a hole through some of the holes a bundle of fern stuCk in a nother hole , with a old saCk filled with straw and thruthChed in here and there a hole with nothing put in , a row of clods put along the house top with here and there a thatCh peg stuCk through the Clods to keep them on the inside walls Clay and weendins the walls never been wite wasked sinCe thay where built ,it would puzzle a lawyer to tell what the house floores was laid with for i thinCk thay had not seen neather mop nor water since the days of oliver Crumwell was in england , if a man got on the roof if he set one foot of the ladder he would go Clain through and Came downstars and is seCond voyage up the ladder daubed from end to side with Copwebs and dust the name of one mon was powner Commonly Cald Wasp , the mame was Crutchley , the other was follows old powner was a noted poaCher , but the late duke would not let none of thre mon have a Cottage in tittens when the old houses were pulled down owing to there bad ConduCt , so this ends i think the next cottage is the sixteenth Cottage , this next Cottage stood on the est side of the turmpike a few yards on this side the old red lion inn , it stood on a level with the trent meadow , it was verry small this cottage ent by the name of flash hall on aCount of water Coming in the
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house when there was a flood people lived up the stairs when the flood Came there was two winders in front one eaCh end it was thatChed it was pulled down in 1832 and the other belonging powner and follows and CrutChley the last man that lived at flash hall was John robinson it was the birthplace of elizer robinson so this ends the old turnpike road past by the front of ....?... that was the road to lion inn and so past on close by olivers and by the front of the Chappil , there was two old Cottages in the field opposate the Chappil this Cottage was built with blue briCks and tiled they were of a Common size thay where built in a od shape the same has if some other building where pulled down from them has if thay had been a old farm house or something else , the last that lived there was John harkes now in tittensor the other was Joseph holt they were pulled down in 1831 on aCount of the new road , about fifteen feet north there stood a verry large old malthouse apearently the oldest building in tittensor , the south front was under built from the ground to the roof ,with smooth red briCks it was the best briCk work in tittensor , darlaston old hall whiCh is now puled down was the best briCk work in staffordshire but this was has good has that . the moter between the briCks was Just the the thiCknes has a old penny pieCe i dont think there is a mason to be found that Can lay briCks like that , the est end was under built the same as the front , the north front and west end oak woodwork but exCeedingly well done i think there is verry few men now that Can do work like that was done , because ther is so many young lads that Call them selves men now adays , most of them not served half there time ther is but few now that serve untill thay are twenty one years old , most of them want a wife when lads and then thay want every thing but a wife , but i will say no more about these lads , onely this if a master sends a good workman to a pieCe of building , thay often send two or three big lads to Join the man and if those lads where to go themselves why thay would not be able to strike stroke , and these lads thinCk thay are better workers then the good old workmen , i Just make this remark to show the Cause why often some buildings last so long in building Just the same number of good stidy workmen to a pieCe of building and then put the same number of these ComCeated lads to a nother pieCe of building ,why i think this good work man would have put the roof on before these big lads had got up to the top winders with there briCk work but i must be getting on for what I have Just stated I have nothing to do with , well i will say no more on that this old malthouse was thatChed , it was pulled down the same time has the other building in titensor , there was a nother old building that stood on the baCk of flash hall it was first built for a danCeing room for tittensor and after that it became a malt house and then a lumber room for the old inn , it part fell down fiftuy three sinCe , now i pafs on up the village not far from the smiths shop on the same side Close by the saw pit there stood two old Cottages built with briCks and tiled thay where both pulled down to save
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themselves trouble of falling thay were pulled down in 1814 there was two other old Cottages stood Close by the road side thay where both pulled down in 1815 there was a old smiths shop not far above this present smiths shop the last man that lived there is name was George davis husband to henry bowers present wife , i think i have got to twenty second Cottage this Cottage stood on the same spot has the post office onely six feet more in the turnpike road a well built Cottage good red briCks and tiled with four winders in front the last that lived there was william Chilton now living in tittensor this was pulled down in 1831 it Just stood in the way of the new turnpike road there was fore very old Cottages stood on tittensor hills opposate the monument thay where half timbered and thatched thay were verry small , the last that lived there F John Woolley , and henney and hood , and buCkstone , this woolley had two lodgers thay had a large flitCh of baCon on the bacon raCk and other flitChes hung against the wall these two lodgers where strangers when they left there lodgeing , this woolley Commenced shifting there top baCon but those two lodgers had Cut all the bacon and Just left the ryne the ryne was not worth nine penCe , but thay did not now where those two lodgers Came from , to this day those fore Cottags where Compleatly worn out thay where pulled down about 1827 these are i believe the twenty sixt , about half was leading from the top of tittensor to groundslow on the lift hand side Just under a syCamore tree there stood avery old Cottage Cald the green woods aCre Cottage , suposed to have been built by the unetts the last man that lived there was William holt this Cottage was pulled down about ninety years since William holt then went to the swan inn near tittensor bridge , when george harvey left that sold good beer , a few yards near groundslow on the right hand side there stood a verry large old barn belonging orms farm this barn was Caled the



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to part them when thay commenCed fighting again then old molley took them with the tongs and laid hold of them by the neCk and swang them out of doors but if the old lady did not look sharp in the house the duCks would be in the first this old molley bold attended stone market most weeks she had something to sell suCh has butter and eggs often a Cupple of fowls now and then a Cupple of those butter milk fed duCks it was but sildom that this good old lady returned to the owlatts hall sober , so the old gentleman often went to meet her this lady went aCrofs the moore for the hill top old billey went to meet her he met with molley is good wife near the hangmans hill neither asleep nor waken she lay well at length among the fern her baskit five or six yards of her the bottom upper most most she had kiCked it over or else set it down rong , there was a Jug of treakle and a Cup of barm a quantity of groCery but what wat with the treaCle and barm inter miked all togather i think it would puzle sCeamer brindley to put them togather , Just has thay was when thay started fron stone so the old man Commenced lifting her up , but the old lady was verry tall and billey was a low man so the old man had three or four trys with old molley he at last reared molley up but billey was obleged to ballanCe her for some time people say there is no doubt but when molley reared up she would resemble a eight days Clock in a mahogany Case for she would wangle backward and forward like a peandler of a Clock , but at last thay both started for the owlatts hall , but no long time past this beautuful damsil went to the markit has before she returned about about half gone a time or two but Just now this damsil got as before.